Ceramic and Glass Materials: Structure, Properties and by James F. Shackelford, Robert H. Doremus

By James F. Shackelford, Robert H. Doremus

"Ceramic and Glass fabrics: constitution, houses and Processing" is a concise and complete consultant to the foremost ceramic and glass fabrics utilized in sleek expertise. every one bankruptcy specializes in the structure-property relationships for those vital fabrics and expands the reader's realizing in their nature by means of concurrently discussing the know-how in their processing tools. In each one case, the ensuing figuring out of the modern purposes of the fabrics offers insights as to their destiny roles in 21st century engineering and know-how. geared up to be a realistic and finished source, every one bankruptcy is devoted to a selected fabric corresponding to: alumina, mullite, sillimanite minerals, aluminates, quartz and silicas, refractory oxides, clays, concrete and cement, lead compounds, and zirconia. Written via overseas authors in fabrics technology and engineering, "Ceramic and Glass fabrics: constitution, homes and Processing" is a useful reference for complex undergraduates, graduate scholars, and dealing pros in a variety of clinical fields.

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This results in the necessity for distorted alumina tetrahedra to be arranged in an oxygen-deficient tricluster (three tetrahedra sharing single corner-bridging oxygen). These clusters constitute a distinctive element of mullite’s crystal structure [2,5]. Unlike sillimanite, X-ray diffraction patterns of mullite exhibit significant diffuse scattering and possible superlattice reflections. Authors have proposed various models to account for mullite’s anomalous scattering using superlattice refinement, atomic site occupancy factor calculation, and correlated vacancy mapping [2,6,7].

19. S. Aramaki and R. Roy, Revised equilibrium diagram for the system Al2O3, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 45 (5), 229–222 (1962). 20. A. Aksay and J. A. Pask, Stable and metastable phase equilibria in the system Al2O3−SiO2, J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 58 (11–12), 507–512 (1975). 21. J. Mroz, Microstructural Evolution of Mullite Formed by Reaction Sintering of Sol-Gels, MS Thesis, Dept. of Cer. , Alfred University, Alfred, NY, 1988. 22. C. L. Messing, Epitactic nucleation of spinel in aluminum silicate gels and effect on mullite crystallization, J.

J. Duval et al. gels at the interface between Si-rich and Al-rich microdomains. MacKenzie et al. attribute this Al signal to the distorted tetrahedral Al environment in the region of Odeficient triclusters. They noted that the signal becomes increasingly strong just prior to mullitization. It was also noted that organic residues and hydroxyl groups were present up to 900°C. According to the analysis, the presence of these groups in the system at high temperatures could influence the structural evolution of the gel by providing a locally reducing and/or humid atmosphere that could facilitate tricluster formation.

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