Category: History 1

History of Machines for Heritage and Engineering Development by Glenn Stephen Murray Fantom (auth.), J. M. de la Portilla,

By Glenn Stephen Murray Fantom (auth.), J. M. de la Portilla, Marco Ceccarelli (eds.)

This quantity features a number of papers whose content material were offered on the overseas meetings CIPHI on Cultural history and background of Engineering at collage of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria within the Canary Islands, Spain, in fresh years.

The convention sequence is aimed toward bringing jointly researchers, students and scholars from a extensive diversity of disciplines concerning the heritage of Engineering and Cultural history, in a different multidisciplinary discussion board to stimulate collaboration between historians, architects, restaurateurs, and engineers.

These papers illustrate, by way of treating particular emblematic themes and difficulties, technical advancements within the ancient evolution of engineering referring to cultural background. hence, emphasis is given to a dialogue of issues of cultural background with engineering background through reporting authors’ reports and perspectives.

Topics handled contain: reutilization of commercial history: the original instance of the Royal Segovia Mint in Spain; clone of factories; Pedro Juan De Lastanosa and “the twenty-one books of units and machines of Juanelo”; the ancient improvement of paper-mills and their machines in South Latium in the course of nineteenth century; a digital reconstruction of a wave-powered flour mill from 1801; 3D modelling and animation research of the economic background wonders; a brand new version of the hydraulic laptop often called “el artificio de Juanelo”; and the secret of 1 Havana portrait, at the first steam computer in Cuba.

This paintings has been made attainable due to the invited authors who've enthusiastically shared this initiative and who've frolicked and energy in getting ready the papers in even more aspect that during the convention presentations.

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La France du XVIᵉ siècle : 1483-1598 by Arlette Jouanna

By Arlette Jouanna

    Plusieurs fois réédité depuis 1996, date de sa première booklet dans l. a. assortment best Cycle, ce manuel est une excellente synthèse de ce XVIᵉ siècle durant lequel los angeles royauté se consolide, ceci malgré l. a. violence des guerres civiles qui agitent l. a. seconde moitié du siècle. L’ouvrage est divisé en deux events, Le temps de l. a. Renaissance (1483-1559) dont los angeles présentation est thématique, puis Le temps des guerres civiles (1559-1598) volontairement chronologique. Ces guerres civiles entraînent désordres et lassitude, effroi même quant à los angeles survie du royaume, vont donner à los angeles France deux siècles de grandeur monarchique.

Quatrième de couverture de los angeles première édition :

    Malgré los angeles pesanteur des legs du passé, le XVIᵉ siècle, en France, est un temps de ruptures et de contrastes. Le rêve d’unité symbolisé par los angeles formule « une foi, une loi, un roi » est mis à mal par los angeles déchirure religieuse; à l’élan triomphant de los angeles Renaissance succède le drame des guerres civiles. Mais ces tensions sont fécondes. los angeles connaissance des cultures antiques, diffusée par l’imprimerie, et los angeles découverte des « sauvages » du Nouveau Monde invitent à s’interroger sur ce qui fait los angeles dignité de l’être humain. l. a. circulate des marchandises et des idées s’accroît et stimule l’ardeur créatrice, que ce soit en artwork ou en littérature. Les angoisses nées des mutations en cours obligent à repenser l. a. relation entre l’homme et Dieu; l. a. disagreement des catholiques et des protestants fait naître de terribles violences, mais aussi une approche nouvelle de los angeles tolérance. Les contraintes de l. a. guerre extérieure puis intérieure amènent à redéfinir l. a. nature du pouvoir royal et celle des droits des sujets. De ces bouleversements émerge une France profondément transformée.

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The History and Poetics of Scientific Biography (Science, by Thomas Söderqvist

By Thomas Söderqvist

Biographies of scientists hold an more and more widespread position in cutting-edge publishing weather. conventional old and sociological bills of technology are complemented via narratives that emphasize the significance of the medical topic within the creation of technology. no longer least is the conclusion that the position of technology in tradition is far extra obtainable whilst awarded in the course of the lives of its practitioners. Taken as a style, such biographies play a massive function within the public realizing of technology. lately, there was a growing number of monographs and collections approximately biography quite often and literary biography specifically. besides the fact that, biographies of scientists, engineers and doctors have hardly ever been the subject of scholarly inquiry. As such, this quantity of essays might be welcomed via these drawn to the style of technology biography, and who desire to re-evaluate its heritage, foundational difficulties and theoretical implications. Borrowing ways and techniques from cultural stories and the heritage, philosophy and sociology of technology, the contributions disguise a vast diversity of topics, classes and destinations. by way of providing this sort of wealthy variety of essays, the amount is ready to chart the reoccurring conceptual difficulties and units that experience prompted medical biographies from classical antiquity to the current day. In so doing, it presents a compelling evaluate of the heritage of the style, suggesting that the various valuations given clinical biography over the years were principally fuelled by way of vested expert pursuits.

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