Birds of Venezuela by Steven L. Hilty

By Steven L. Hilty

Venezuela has an immensely wealthy chook fauna, with 1,381 identified species, lots of them stumbled on nowhere else on this planet. This spectacularly illustrated, finished, and up to date advisor brings jointly below one disguise a lot of what's identified approximately those species. Its clients can determine the entire birds during this gigantic state, from the Caribbean coast within the north to the Amazonian jungles within the south, from the Andes within the west to the Gran Sabana plateau within the east.

With a totally new textual content through Steven Hilty, Birds of Venezuela is a drastically increased and punctiliously reformatted successor to the pioneering Guide to the Birds of Venezuela (Princeton,1978). It contains sixty-seven attractive colour and black-and-white plates, such a lot by means of the well known artists John Gwynne and man Tudor, in addition to quite a few line drawings. The plates and drawings together--almost 1/2 them by no means earlier than published--depict so much of Venezuela's poultry species. Introductory chapters disguise actual geography, weather, biogeography, crops and habitats, conservation, migration, and the background of ornithology in Venezuela. A gallery of forty-four wonderful colour habitat images and colour habitat and aid maps entire the outlet part.

Detailed variety maps plot assortment localities and sight records--a targeted feature--for just about all species. Plumage descriptions are supplied for every chook, as is wide info on voice, habit, and standing. greater than 800 bibliographic entries accompany the textual content, making this booklet a useful and broad-based connection with the avifauna of not just Venezuela yet a lot of northern South the United States. Treating approximately forty percentage of the continent's chicken species, Birds of Venezuela is the definitive source for all birders with an keen eye in this splendorous kingdom and the encircling quarter.
• the main complete, updated, and most sensible illustrated advisor to the birds of Venezuela
• Covers all 1,381 recognized species and their subspecies from the Caribbean coast to the jungles of the Amazon, from the Andes to the Gran Sabana plateau--nearly forty percentage of all chicken species in South America
• thoroughly new textual content observed through greater than 800 bibliographic entries
• Strikingly illustrated with sixty seven colour and black & white plates and diverse line drawings
• forty four gorgeous colour habitat images and colour habitat and aid maps
• distinct variety maps for every species

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Sample text

1400–2800mm rainfall. Interior Cordillera in Miranda and extreme northern Guárico. Tropical dry and moist forest; smaller areas of tropical humid forest. Notable for large mammal fauna, including Jaguar. Very diverse avifauna. Protects endemic Blood-eared and Venezuelan parakeets; large raptors, cracids, Military Macaw, Black-and-white Owl, and others. 1958 El Avila. 85,192ha (210,510 acres). 120–2765m. 600–1400mm rainfall. Distrito Federal. Mostly humid premontane and montane forest. Important watershed and recreational site at outskirts of Caracas.

Denotes a species whose status as a northern migrant to Venezuela is uncertain. American Wigeon Northern Pintail Blue-winged Teal Northern Shoveler Lesser Scaup Ring-necked Duck Least Bittern*? Great Blue Heron Cattle Egret? Green Heron* Turkey Vulture Osprey Swallow-tailed Kite* Northern Harrier† Broad-winged Hawk Swainson’s Hawk† Peregrine Falcon Merlin American Kestrel? Sora Common Gallinule*? American Coot Greater Yellowlegs Lesser Yellowlegs Solitary Sandpiper Willet* Spotted Sandpiper Upland Sandpiper Whimbrel Long-billed Curlew Hudsonian Godwit Bar-tailed Godwit† Marbled Godwit† Ruddy Turnstone Red Knot Sanderling Semipalmated Sandpiper Western Sandpiper Least Sandpiper White-rumped Sandpiper Baird’s Sandpiper Pectoral Sandpiper Dunlin Stilt Sandpiper Buff-breasted Sandpiper Ruff† Short-billed Dowitcher Common Snipe Wilson’s Phalarope† American Oystercatcher*† Gray Plover American Golden-Plover Semipalmated Plover Wilson’s Plover?

In Sierra de San Luis, northern Falcón. Desert scrub, tropical dry and moist forests, premontane humid forest. Valuable watershed. Isolated populations of many Andean and northern cordilleran birds. Cinaruco-Capanaparo. 584,368ha (1,443,973 acres). 30–200m. Ca. 1500mm rainfall. Southeastern Apure. Open savanna, seasonally inundated savanna, marshes, scattered lagoons, morichales, gallery forest, tropical dry forest, and shifting sand dunes. Avifauna includes Festive Parrot, Lesser Razor-billed Curassow.

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