BIOS Instant Notes in Physiological Psychology by Hugh Wagner;Kevin Silber

By Hugh Wagner;Kevin Silber

Rapid Notes titles specialize in center details and are designed to aid undergraduate scholars come to grips with a subject matter quick and simply.

Instant Notes in Physiological Psychology presents a succinct but accomplished evaluation of the main issues in physiological psychology, permitting easy accessibility to the middle info within the box. even supposing physiological psychology is a required element of so much levels, the authors realize that many scholars come from non-scientific backgrounds and should locate the topic daunting. This publication covers the entire crucial subject matters in a structure, that's excellent for studying and speedy revision for college students from all backgrounds. it will probably function a middle textual content, supplemented by means of readings within the unique literature, as a reference advisor for college students and teachers alike, or as a terrific revision consultant sooner than tests.

Instant Notes in Physiological Psychology is meant basically for college kids taking a primary direction within the topic, yet is additionally used as an advent to the sphere for undergraduates and graduate scholars from different topic components.

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D2 – The autonomic nervous system Table 1. 47 Actions of the ANS at each target organ Target organ Sympathetic action Parasympathetic action Eyes Mouth Lungs Heart Sweat glands Blood vessels Liver Pancreas Stomach Intestines Adrenal medulla Pupil dilation and tear inhibition Inhibits salivation Relaxes the airways Increases heart rate Stimulates sweating Constricts vessels in the skin Stimulates glucose release Inhibits digestion Inhibits digestion Inhibits digestion Stimulates secretion of adrenaline and noradrenalin Relaxes the bladder Stimulates orgasm Pupil constriction and tear production Stimulates salivation Constricts the airways Decreases heart rate Bladder Sex organs Stimulates digestion Stimulates digestion Stimulates digestion Contracts the bladder Stimulates sexual arousal If you tried to do all of this and kept your other functions going as normal then it is likely that you would run out of fuel quite rapidly.

Under normal circumstances this makes it very difficult to ask the question about whether any functions are solely controlled by one side of the brain. However, brain damage caused by injury and by surgery involving the severing of the corpus callosum have provided evidence that some functions or parts of functions are controlled by one hemisphere rather than the other. The best-known lateralized function is language, but a number of others have been discovered. These include visual functions, the detection of odor, information processing, emotion and handedness.

These cells have specially adapted receptors that accept the hormone in the same ‘lock and key’ fashion that we saw for neurotransmitters (Topic B3). A target cell may be receptive to just one particular hormone or to a number of different hormones. For each hormone, though, there is a specific receptor site. Most hormones travel in the bloodstream to affect a distant target organ. However, some act more locally, or even on the very cell that secreted it. To differentiate between these actions the term endocrine action is used to describe a distant action, paracrine action is used to describe a more localized action, and autocrine action is used to describe a hormone that acts on the cells that released it.

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