Biology of Endothelial Cells by Eric A. Jaffe (auth.), Eric A. Jaffe (eds.)

By Eric A. Jaffe (auth.), Eric A. Jaffe (eds.)

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And Rechardt, L. 1978. Evidencefor the presence of viable endothelial cells in cultures derived from dissociated rat brain. Experientia 34: 95-97. 13. , Kumar, S. and Woghe, M. 1979. Isolation and characterization of endothelial cells from rat and cow brain white matter. J. Anat. 129: 261-272. 14. S. and Goldstein, G. W. 1980. Ultrastructural features of en- dothelial cells cultured from rat brain capillaries. Neurol. 30: 407. 15. , Hervonen, H. R. 1980. Endothelial cell culture derived from isolated cerebral microvessels.

In general, capillary endothelial cells from brain and retina seem to be slightly easier to grow in culture than cells from other organs. Retinal cells have been reported to grow well in Medium F12 supplemented with 10% fetal calf serum (23, 24) and brain cells have been grown in Medium 199 or F12 supplemented with 10--12% serum (13, 16, 18). The use of rat glioma cell conditioned medium has been reported to enhance the long-term growth of mouse brain endothelial cells (17). For the growth of capillary endothelial cells from other locations such as adrenal glands, spleen, lung, heart, kidney and skin as well as endothelial cells isolated from tumor capillaries, we generally use medium preconditioned by 24-48 h incubation with tumor cells (tumor-conditioned medium) (27).

No significant activity was observed in the urine of patients with non-neoplastic disease or in the urine of healthy volunteers. Such results demonstrate that human tumors can be detected by measuring the response of capillary endothelial cells to tumor fluids. In addition to urine and ocular fluids, these assays may prove useful in detecting tumor-derived factors in cerebrospinal fluid, gastric and pancreatic secretions, sputum, ascites, and amniotic fluids. It is also conceivable that such activity might de detectable in the synovial fluid of patients with arthritis or in the vitreous humor of individuals with diabetic retinopathy.

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