By Rudolf Steiner, American Society for Metals
A complete consultant to compositions, homes, functionality, and choice of solid irons, carbon and low-alloy steels, instrument steels, stainless steels, and superalloys. comprises 1,328 illustrations (photographs, charts, and graphs). greater than 500 tables offer large info for alloy designations, compositions, and mechanical and actual houses.
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Extra resources for ASM Handbook Volume 1: Properties and Selection: Irons, Steels, and High-Performance Alloys (06181)
A typical annealing cycle for ferritic malleable iron is shown in Fig. 23. When pearlitic irons are to be produced, different schemes can be used, as shown in Fig. 24. The goal of the treatment is to achieve a eutectoid transformation according to the austenite-to-pearlite reaction. In some limited cases, quenching-tempering treatments are used for malleable irons. Fig. 23 Heat treatment cycle for ferritic blackheart malleable iron. Source: Ref 1 Fig. 24 Heat treatment cycles for pearlitic blackheart malleable irons Special Cast Irons Special cast irons, as previously discussed, are alloy irons that take advantage of the radical changes in structure produced by rather large amounts of alloying elements.
Without precisely applicable test data, an estimate of the reversed bending fatigue limit of machined parts may be made by using about 35% of the minimum specified tensile strength of the particular grade of gray iron being considered. This value is probably more conservative than an average of the few data available on the fatigue limit for gray iron. An approximation of the effect of range of stress on fatigue limit may be obtained from diagrams such as Fig. 14. Tensile strength is plotted on the horizontal axis to represent fracture strength under static load (which corresponds to a 0 stress range).
ASTM A 438 describes the standard method for performing transverse bending tests on separately cast, cylindrical test bars of gray cast iron. Compressive Strength. When gray iron is used for structural applications such as machinery foundations or supports, the engineer, who is usually designing, to support weight only, bases his calculations on the compressive strength of the material. Table 12, which summarizes typical values for mechanical properties of the various grades, shows the high compressive strength of gray irons.