Anthology of Philosophy in Persia: Volume 1: From Zoroaster by Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Mehdi Aminrazavi

By Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Mehdi Aminrazavi

The culture of philosophy within the Persian-speaking international is awfully wealthy, inventive and various. This anthology, that is divided into 3 volumes, goals to speak anything of that richness and variety. The time period "philosophy" is known to in its widest feel to incorporate theological debate, philosophical Sufism and philosophical hermeneutics (ta'wil). Extending over a interval of greater than millennia, and showcasing translations via well-established students, the anthology bargains complete bibliographical references all through. For somebody drawn to exploring, in all their diverse manifestations, the interesting philosophical traditions of Persia, this kind of wide-ranging and impressive paintings should be an fundamental source. quantity 1 begins with the Zoroastrian interval and extends to the time of Biruni and Oma Khayyam, paying particular realization to the peripatetic university linked to Ibn Sina (Avicenna). in the course of the pre-Islamic interval philosophy was once intertwined with faith, and it truly is inside of Persian non secular texts comparable to the Gathas, the Denkard, and the Zoroastrian texts of the Bundahisn that philosophical discussions of matters starting from metaphysics to cosmology and eschatology are to be chanced on.

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Of these four constellations of stars, which are said to act as leaders, there is no doubt that Haptôk-ring, the chieftain of the north, is Ursa Major; and it is usually considered that Tîstar, the chieftain of the east, is Sirius; but the other two chieftains are not so well identified, and there may be some doubt as to the proper stations of the eastern and western chieftains. It is evident, however, that the most westerly stars, visible at any one time of the year, are those which set in the dusk of the evening; and east of these, all the stars are visible during the night as far as those which rise at daybreak, which are the most easterly stars visible at that time of the year.

30 Early Persian Philosophy: Zoroastrian Thought (23) In his unrighteous creation Ahriman was without knowledge, without method. And the reason and interpretation thereof is this, that when Ahriman joined battle with Ohrmazd, the majestic wisdom, renown, perfection, and permanence of Ohrmazd and the powerlessness, self-will, imperfection, and slowness in knowledge of the Destructive Spirit were made manifest when creation was created. (24) For Time of the long Dominion was the first creature that he fashioned forth: for it was infinite before the contamination of the totality of Ohrmazd.

3) Ahriman, slow in knowledge, whose will is to smite, was deep down in the darkness: (he was) and is, yet will not be. The will to smite is his all, and darkness is his place: some call it the Endless Darkness. (4) Between them was the Void: some call it Vāy in which the two Spirits Â�mingle. (5) Concerning the finite and infinite: the heights which are called the Endless Light (since they have no end) and the depths which are the Endless Darkness, these are infinite. On the border both are finite since between them is the Void, and there is no contact between the two.

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