By J. J. Methvin
Early in 1867 Kiowa leader Many Bears paid the Mescalero Apache one mule, buffalo gowns, and a pink blanket to buy ten-year-old José Andrés Martínez. kidnapped close to his domestic in Las Vegas, New Mexico, in October 1866, he turned Many Bears's grandson, Andele. He speedy tailored to his new lifestyles, grew to manhood one of the Kiowa, took half in Kiowa raiding events while he became 16, and 3 instances married Kiowa women.
Confined to a reservation in Oklahoma after 1875, Andele within the Eighteen Eighties sought to reclaim his former lifestyles and back to his kin in Las Vegas. yet in 1889, feeling "his pursuits have been all pointed out with the Kiowa, and that he had discovered to like them," he lower back to the reservation, taught commercial arts on the company college, and aided the Kiowa in security in their lands. within the Eighteen Nineties Andele all started serving as a source to a iteration of anthropologists learning Kiowa and Apache society. His captivity narrative, released in 1899 through the Methodist missionary J. J. Methvin, is a useful eyewitness description of Plains Indians. it truly is reissued with an creation via ethnohistorian James F. Brooks of the college of Maryland.
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Additional resources for Andele, The Mexican-Kiowa Captive: A Story of Real Life Among the Indians
Methvin took his work seriously. 46 With Andele's assistance, he brought Kiowa and Comanche children into the Methvin Institute, where in a symbolic initiation to "kill the Indian and save the Man," their long hair was shorn and their Indian clothing exchanged for shirts and trousers. "47 Methvin clearly intended Andele's narrative to serve as an ex- Page 15 ample that "a people ... in whom there was so little upon which to base a hope of building a civilization" could be brought to salvation through God's works (p.
It may have earlier roots in a distinctive tattooing, if indeed the Kiowa descend from the Jumanos, who were known for their facial tattoos. Mooney, "Calendar History," p. 150. 29. Maurice Boyd, Kiowa Voices, pp. 112. 30. Nancy P. " Paper read at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Chicago, Ill, 1991; "Kiowa: The Resurgence of Tanoan in the Southern Plains," paper read at the annual meeting of the American Anthropological Association, San Francisco, CA, 1992; The Jumanos: Hunters and Traders of the South Plains (Austin, 1994).
Andele claims that Texan residents Mrs. Koozer and her daughter were the last captives for whom agents paid ransom money (pp. 9798). 16 Andele's story enlivens historical evidence that New Mexicans ex- Page 7 perienced the captive trade for a much longer duration, and in larger numbers, than ever did Anglo-Americans. With this in mind, we can look at the history of his Martínez family to understand some of the processes and pressures that culminated in his captivity. The View from New Mexico Andele claims that his grandfather, Antonio José Martín, came to New Mexico from "Old Mexico" in 1773.