An Integrated Approach to Wastewater Treatment: Deciding by Manuel Marino

By Manuel Marino

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Example text

Page xiii The critical step becomes then the translation of objectives into action by setting specific goals for each part of the basin. The goals, which specify in detail what is to be accomplished, determine the wastewater management strategy to be employed. Goals should be chosen after full consultation with all stakeholders, and stakeholders should be informed of the relative costs of meeting alternative sets of goals. This can take the form of simple straightforward load reduction goals, as is proposed in Colombia's point source water pollution policy, or more elaborate approaches, such as the ones being developed under Catalonia's sanitation plan in Spain.

This recognition leads to the desired involvement of all stakeholders at all levels and areas of the pollution control and wastewater management process, particularly in the setting of objectives, and in the decision, distribution, or acceptance of the financial effort to achieve them. An institutional perspective that requires the comprehensive treatment of water resources and wastewater management interventions. This treatment is normally, but not always, at the river basin or catchment level.

They prepare and propose for approval by the committees a five-year plan that is based on the adopted water policies. The plan determines how resources will be invested (which sections of rivers and treatment levels should receive priority support) to maximize the environmental benefits, and which levels of environmental quality can be obtained for different levels of financial resources. On the basis of this information the basin committees determine the combination of costs and environmental quality objectives for their particular river basin and how the services should be financed.

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