Agrarian structures and agrarian reform: Exercises in by S.I. Cohen

By S.I. Cohen

This learn is an try to give a contribution to our figuring out of 1 of an important reforms at the moment recommended by way of improvement economists to minimize rural poverty in constructing nations: land reform. Dr. Cohen has established his research on versions during which 3 social teams are appearing: those, for brevity's sake, are known as land­ lords, peasants and the teams who contain the non-agricultural region. Peasants comprise the so-called landless peasants which western international locations as a rule time period agrarian staff. the tactic might be prolonged to bigger numbers of teams. The actors are concerned about a number of actions, together with construction, intake and saving, the latter being to be had both for actual or for monetary make investments­ ment. this means that quite a few wealth parts look within the version along flows of products and companies. Use is made from determinate types with linear and non-linear equations of a dynamic personality. The versions are hired to estimate socio-economic improvement below substitute regimes. Regimes range, at the one hand, in accordance with which workforce is in energy and, nonetheless, in response to the tools of monetary coverage they use. it really is an enticing function of Dr. Cohen's examine that the types are utilized to 2 nations for which the entire priceless statistical fabric has been predicted: India and Chile. For either nations a short socio-political comic strip precedes the numerical program of the versions. For India 5 tools of socio-economic coverage are thought of: land transfers, measures to stimulate productiveness, credits rules, taxes and tenure and salary regulations.

Show description

Read or Download Agrarian structures and agrarian reform: Exercises in development theory and policy PDF

Similar development books

Agricultural Trade Reform And the Doha Development Agenda (World Bank Trade and Development Series)

Agricultural alternate reform is necessary to a positive improvement consequence from the Doha improvement time table. yet agricultural rules and the coverage reforms being meditated are fiendishly advanced, and the satan is within the info. Agricultural alternate Reform and the Doha improvement time table builds up from the fundamental element of the price lists and different security measures, and makes use of this data to supply an research of the big-picture implications of proposed reforms.

The Future of Foreign Aid: Development Cooperation and the New Geography of Global Poverty

The panorama of international relief is altering. New improvement actors are at the upward push, from the 'emerging' economies to varied inner most foundations and philanthropists. whilst the character of the worldwide poverty 'problem' has additionally replaced: many of the world's terrible humans now not stay within the poorest nations.

Development and Prevention of Behaviour Problems: From Genes to Social Policy

This publication brings jointly international prime researchers from assorted fields to discover the aptitude factors of the advance of behaviour difficulties. The e-book provides theories that wish to persuade public well-being, schooling and social coverage within the prevention of the expensive social problems that behaviour difficulties could cause.

Extra info for Agrarian structures and agrarian reform: Exercises in development theory and policy

Example text

The administrative difficulties are equally serious. The dangers of evasion are equally acute. 6. Tenancy and wage regulations Tenancy arrangements wherein the tenant transfers to the owner, as rent payment, about half of the crop are the most common type. Although the abolition of tenancy has been the ideal of many landreform movements, it is debatable whether tenancy can ever be entirely abolished in any system which recognizes the right to own private land property. As long as the demand for land exceeds its supply it can be observed that the landless and small land- THE ECONOMICS OF AGRARIAN REFORM 39 owners are bound to take, and the big landowners are bound to offer, land under tenancy arrangements of one kind or another.

It is often held that these costs are exhorbitant but there is so far little systematic analysis of benefits against costs to allow drawing clear conclusions. The socio-political context in which colonization is implemented, mostly in Latin American countries, has greatly reduced the general effectiveness of colonization. According to Thiesenhusen (1971), some countries have misused colonization: a few showpiece projects may be offered as a substitute for institutional change in the countryside.

The same may apply to agricultural income taxes, see Cohen (1972). The difficulties in assessing, revising or administering these taxes are no less then in the case of traditional land taxes. It is also argued by many that a major purpose of the traditional land tax is to mobilize the surplus in the agricultural sector and transfer it to the industrial sectors of the economy. For example, increased taxes increase the farmer's monetary requirements and compel him to sell more of his output as marketed surplus for use by the rest of the economy.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.76 of 5 – based on 44 votes