A Dictionary of Musical Terms by John Stainer (editor), William Barrett (editor)

By John Stainer (editor), William Barrett (editor)

This illustrated dictionary, written through the prolific Victorian composer Sir John Stainer (1840-1901) - most sensible remembered this present day for his oratorio The Crucifixion - and W. A. Barrett, used to be first released by means of Novello in 1876. It presents definitions for 'the leader musical phrases met with in clinical, theoretical, and functional treatises, and within the extra universal annotated programmes and newspaper criticisms', starting from brief motives of the Italian phrases for tempi, via descriptions of old tools to expansive articles on such subject matters as acoustics, copyright, hymn tunes, the larynx and temperament. That it hence ran to a number of additional versions means that it supplied welcome counsel for the concert-going public within the 19th century.

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For nearly twenty years, that is, from the death of Lawes in 1645, to the time when Pelham Humphreys was writing. Church music was represented by such writers as Child and Rogers, the best of whose compositions are but pale reflections of old styles. The pause in church matters, during the Commonwealth, had its bad effect upon Church music, until the new interest aroused by the works of foreign writers produced fresh vitality. When Humphreys began to supply the want in Church music caused by the revival of the service according to the Ritual of the Prayer-book, some degree of difficulty arose, for it was impossible to pursue the practice formerly in vogue, of making little, if any, difference in the style of sacred and secular music, for secular music had now assumed a character unfitted for the dignity and solemnity of Divine worship.

Arghool. A simply constructed wind instrument, now used in Egypt. It is made of common cane, and is played by mouth-pieces containing reeds. There are two species of arghool; the first (Fig. i) consists of two tubes both pierced with holes, so that the performer may play in thirds and sixths ; the second (Fig. 2) consists also of two tubes, but one only is pierced with holes, the other being longer and used as a drone. The pitch of the drone can be altered by the addition of extra pieces, which are attached to the instrument, as are also the mouth-pieces, by waxed thread.

1652), pass of an ancient church tone. The word is, published it with Greek notation, as an ex(24) AMBUBAJiE^-ANCIA. ponent of his own principles, not as a copy of any authorized edition. gatherings among the Romans as minstrels. Their instruments were called abub, or ambub, whence their name. ) Wandering. Applied to strolling musicians. ) The sound-post of a violin, or Other stringed instrument of its kind. American Organ. An instrument having one or more manuals, and registers which control series of free reeds.

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